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ENWR 2640: Writing as Technology

Research guide for students in Patricia Sullivan's Spring 2024 ENWR 2640 class.

MLA Style Manuals & Citation Help

MLA style is a popular citation style for English language and literature. Many library databases include a cite feature that will give you a basic MLA-style citation for an article or essay, but always check that it is formatted correctly (for example, make sure the title is not in all caps).
Below are resources that can help you when you're formatting your bibliography and papers. Some professors (or publishers, if you are writing an article to be published) may prefer a different style, such as Chicago style, so always check before you format and submit your work. Ask a librarian if you have questions about MLA or other citation styles. 

Sample Citations in MLA Style

Scholarly Article Citation

General Format:  

Author (last name, first name). "Title of Article." Journal Title, volume number (vol. #), issue number (no. #), year, pages (pp. #-#). 

Stanton, Courtney. “A Dis-Facilitated Call for More Writing Studies in the New AI Landscape; or, Finding Our Place Among the Chatbots.” Composition Studies, vol. 51, no. 1, Spring 2023, pp. 182–86.

Book Chapter

General Format: 

Author (last name, first name). "Title of Chapter." Title of Book. Publisher, year, pages (pp. #-#). 

Baron, Dennis. "Thoreau's Pencil." A Better Pencil: Readers, Writers, and the Digital Revolution. Oxford University Press 2009, pp. 33-47.


Sample In-Text Citations MLA style

General in-text citation: (Author page number(s))

Example: (Baron 11). 

If I have more than one article by Baron in my Works cited, I would add part of the title (to identify which  work you are referring to): 

Example: (Baron, "Writing it Down" 11). 

When citing an essay from a book collection, use the essay author in the citation (not the editor(s) name(s)). 

Citation after quotation:  "Here is my quotation" (cite). 

Example: According to Baron, "Thoreau sought to improve the wood-cased pencil of his own day by developing a cutting-edge manufacturing technology" (34). 

Or paraphrase of information (cite). 

Example: Baron explains that although it's not electric, the pencil can also be considered a communication technology with advanced features (34).