In order to organize and manage your citations, consider using a Citation Manager like Zotero. More information on Zotero and other citation managers can be found on the Citation Managers Guide.
MLA style is a popular citation style for English language and literature. Below are resources that can help you when you're formatting your bibliography and papers. Some professors (or publishers, if you are writing an article to be published) may prefer a different style, such as Chicago style, so always check before you format and submit your work. Ask a librarian if you have questions about MLA or other citation styles.
Scholarly Article Citation
Author (last name, first name). "Title of Article." Journal Title, volume number (vol. #), issue number (no. #), year, pages (pp. #-#).
Shin, John. “Negative Dialectics in Mrs. Dalloway.” English Studies, vol. 102, no. 5, 2021, pp. 552-62.
Essay in an Edited Book
Essay Author (last name, first name). "Title of Essay." Title of Book Collection, edited by Name of Editor(s), Publisher, year, pages (pp. #-#).
Saint-Amour, Paul K. "Mrs. Dalloway: Of Clocks and Clouds." A Companion to Virginia Woolf, edited by Jessica Berman,
Wiley-Blackwell, 2016, pp. 74-94.
General in-text citation: (Author page number(s))
Example: (Shin 563).
If I have more than one article by Shin in my Works cited, I would add part of the title (to identify which work you are referring to):
Example: (Shin, "Negative Dialectics," 563).
When citing an essay from a book collection, use the essay author in the citation (not the editor(s) name(s).
Citation after quotation: "Here is my quotation" (cite).
Example: According to Shin, "Woolf leaves the reader without a resolution to this competitive dialectic between private and public" (554).
Or paraphrase of information (cite).
Example: Clarissa's consciousness is filled with a mixture of concerns both public and private (Shin 556).