African-American genealogy is in a category of its own. See these useful reference and genealogy resources, many of which are located at UVA's Alderman Library.
Ancestry.com - African-American Family History Records
This collection includes more than 55 million African-American family history records includes US Colored Troops service records, Freedmen's Bureau records, and narratives from 3,500 former slaves. (Southern Claims Commission records are on the way.) The US Federal Census collection, which spans 1790-1930, has been upgraded to users can search for African-American entries (there are 53 million of them in the census.) Note: Searching Ancestry.com requires a paid subscription.
Use to research African Ancestry in the Americas in particular and to genealogical research and resources in general. Links to an African Ancestry research community featuring the AfriGeneas mail list, the AfriGeneas message boards and daily and weekly genealogy chats.
Beginning in 2019, the unique content of Unknown No Longer will be hosted on the Virginia Untold portal operated by the Library of Virginia, providing users with access to an expanded collection of resources for researching African-American history in Virginia. While the database will be moving to the Library of Virginia, researchers can still access the actual documents in the VMHC's library. VMHC will continue to update both the Unknown No Longer database and its Guide to African American Manuscripts as new sources enter the VMHC catalog.
Virginia Untold: The African American Narrative (Library of Virginia)
Virginia Untold is a project of the Library of Virginia. In January 2019 VMHC and LVa merged their databases with the intention to provide greater accessibility to pre-1865 African American history and genealogy found in the rich primary sources in their holdings.
Heritage Quest Online
This collection is available as a database of the University of Virginia Library. Among other resources, it contains the U.S. Federal Census records and images, including the Slave schedules, the Freedmen's Bank Records, and the Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Records. Heritage Quest Online (HQO) is also offered as a free database by many of Virginia's public libraries.
Albemarle Charlottesville Historical Society (ACHS) for information on local resources for African-American genealogy, including the following:
Search Freedman's Bank Records on Heritage Quest Online
From Search Freedman's Bank, you can search for information about ancestors in the Registers of Signatures of Depositors in Branches of the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, 1865 - 1874.